Part I, probably doesn’t provide too much pause for thought, but hopefully this one will. I’ve been told my posts are long, so I’m trying to shorten things up. 🙂
Perhaps I should also preface before I begin that almost anything can count as evidence. However it seems that people with little understanding of scientific investigation often make the mistake of delineating good evidence from bad. Or being able to determine why one source of evidence is weaker than another. Because after all I could argue that it is faith that I believe the sun will come up tomorrow, when the truth is I don’t really know for sure. The fact that it has come up all the days of my life, is some pretty good evidence. It’s even better evidence that it has come up for others. And it seems as I look through historical evidence from before I was born it has been coming up pretty regularly. And then there is the evidence that the Earth is rotating and that we are revolving around the sun. It may be that all that changes tomorrow, but it seems unlikely. So at the very least, I can say that my faith has some pretty solid substance to it. (Also please be aware that I do know that the sun actually doesn’t come up, it is the Earth’s rotation that gives it the appearance of rising. lol)
Here are some of the things that many people seem to think of as evidence:
- anecdotal evidence
- a contrary opinion
- a book
- a “gut feeling”
- a low probability event (a coincidence)
- celebrities or other famous people
- a documentary
- a movie
- even worse – social media
- the number of hits you search for something on the internet
There are probably more things that could be added but these are some of my favorite. Part of the problem is that any one of these could be right. I am not going to address each one, but there are times when your “gut” tells you, you are in danger and you are right.
Anecdotal evidence can also be correct. I could say “In my experience the sun comes up every morning” and I would be right. Sometimes celebrities are correct, and documentaries are accurate. Someone who is disagreeing with you may actually be doing so for good reason. Because he/she knows more than you do. And occasionally a news story might even report actual information. 🙂
I am a fairly big food snob. I’ll admit it. I’m probably even more proud of that fact than I should, but tasty food is an important pleasure in life to me. Not to mention sitting down to a good meal, can be romantic, social, and/or cultural. One of my favorite things is to
introduce people to new food and new culinary experiences. It has often been the case that someone will say they really don’t like a certain food. Upon further investigation you find that the one time they tried it, the person didn’t know how to cook it properly so they had a bad experience, and then never tried it again. Often if I get them to give what I have prepared a try, they find that they actually like it. The point is that our own experiences are often flawed. I am sure the person when they first tried badly cooked spinach they had no intentions on hating spinach, they simply didn’t like what they had, and assumed it was the fault of the spinach and not the cook.
While it is not surprising from an evolutionary standpoint why we would take our own experiences as truth, it is clear that as individuals we are prone to many biases. If you know nothing about snakes, it is ALWAYS safer to stay away from snakes since a few can be deadly. Surviving and being safe represents 99% of our evolution as a species, but if civilization has any true advantages, it is the ability to break free from the fearful uncertainty of the wild and to give us time for reflection and thought. The lack of detailed knowledge about something is the birthplace of beliefs that are based on little or poor evidence. This is why education is so important. This is why understanding of science is important. This is why critical thinking is important.
More importantly this is why humility is important. One lifetime, at the very least in the length it is now, is never enough time to know all there is to know (if that is even possible). But when you have true humility, not just humility before God, but humility before all existence, you accept that you don’t have all the answers. You accept that there is still more for you to know, and to learn. You can accept that you can be mistaken. When you accept this, then you can delve into the next set of questions. How is it that we can come to know things? What are different ways of knowing? How do they work? What is their reliability?
How boring would life be if you just decided on how everything works at the age of 30 and then just criticized everyone else the rest of your days? Keep asking yourself questions, and enjoy the experience of enlightenment that comes from a lifetime of learning. The feeling of enlightenment is euphoric and is an edge that never dulls, no matter the age.